DIFFERENT SYSTEMS OF GOVERNMENT IN THE XX CENTURY
In the XX century in Spain we have had different systems of government:
MONARCHY This is the king Alfonso XIII REPUBLIC: Presidents: Alcalá Zamora ( 1931-1936) and (1886-1931) Manuel Azaña (1936-1939)
CIVIL WAR (1936-1939)
DICTATORSHIP: Franco (1939-1975)
Click here if you´d like to watch more videos of the NO DO.
At first, Spain was internationally isolated. However, beggining in 1950, the economy improved and foreign relations returned to normal. As an example of it, the next video shows the first visit of Eisenhower, president of USA, to Spain.
TRANSITION AND DEMOCRACY : Suárez (1976-1981)
After the death of Franco in 1975, Juan Carlos I was crowned King of Spain.
Adolfo Suárez launched a series of reforms to prepare for the first democratic elections held in Spain since 1936. As part of this preparation, political parties and unions were legalised.
Click here to listen to the radio the day the PCE (Partido Comunista de España) was legalised. That piece of news was very important. The party that Franco had prosecuted so much was being legalised at least! That´s why the journalist who read the news had been running to read it on the radio. He was exhausted!
In 1977, representatives of the major political parties, voted by the citizens, drafted a Constitution. It was approved by Parliament and by the Spanish people in 1978.
Here you have a video about the transition to Democracy in Spain
And if you click on the photo of Adolfo Suárez you´ll see a short video about his life and death from Al Jazeera, a qatari TV.
In 1981, Adolfo Suárez resigned as President of the Government. Click here to watch the video.
|Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo was chosen to succeed Adolfo Suarez.|
23F: THE COUP
Do you want to know what the king said about the coup? Click on the image above to watch it!
THE CONSTITUTION OF 1978
Click on the image to read the Constitution 1978.
In 1978, Spaniards voted in favour of the Constitution in a referendum.
THE DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENTS
These have been the presidents of Spain since 1981 till nowadays.
PABLO RUIZ PICASSO: Cubism.
FERNANDO FERNÁN GÓMEZ