|High marks||Alta puntuación|
|Increase decrease||Incrementar (aumentar)- decrecer,(disminuir)|
|Environment||El medio ambiente|
|Fields, meadows, pastures||Campo, prados, pastos|
|Dry and irrigated crops||Cultivos de secano y de regadío|
|Well, canals, irrigation systems||Pozo, canales, sistemas de riego|
|Factories, industrial park||Fábricas, polígono industrial|
|Golf course||Capo de golf|
|A wide variety of||Una gran variedad de|
A city is chosen
Fruit trees are grown
Parks are found
Se elige una ciudad ( una ciudad es elegida)
Se cultivan arboles frutales (son cultivados)
Se encuentran parques
|Most of the population||La mayoría de la población|
|The main activity/ crops||La principal actividad / principales cosechas…|
|Refining oil||Refinar petróleo|
|Few transformations… Their relief||Pocas trasformaciones…. Su relieve|
|Scattered rural villages||Pueblos rurales diseminados (esparcidos)|
Population and jobs
Population can be divided in two groups:
A) ACTIVE: People who are between 16 and 67 years old. They are healthy and able to work.
When they are actually working they are employed population. Unfortunatelly, they sometimes can´t find a job and they are unemployed.
B) INACTIVE: People who are not of legal working age (children under 16 and retired people) or those who don´t receive a salary (students, ill people…)
The active population works in three economic sectors:
primary, secondary and tertiary.
Trade is the buying and selling of products. These products come from the primary and secondary sectors.
Why do countries trade?
Now discover why the tourists like Spain so much as to be the third most popular country worldwide, after France and USA.
Bristol, the green capital of Europe
Every year since 2010, a European city is chosen for the Green Capital Award. The award goes to cities that take measures to protect the environment. Some of the categories in the award are air quality, green areas, public transport and the use of renewable energy.
The first Green Capital was Stockholm, followed by Hamburg, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Nantes, Copenhagen and Bristol. Ljubljana in Slovenia will be the 2016 Green Capital.
When Bristol won in 2015, it got high marks in all categories. The use of renewable energy, public transport and bicycles increases every year. Bristol has good air quality, and is home to a large number of green companies. There are also lots of green areas around the city.
This makes Bristol an environmental role model for cities all over Europe – and the world!
Read and understand
- What is the European Green Capital Award?
- What city received the first award? When?
- Have any Spanish cities received the award? What year?
- Why was Bristol chosen in 2015?
- Can you think of some other categories the award could include?
- Look at the video of Bristol. Describe the city with a partner.
- SPEAKING. Could your town or city win the award? Talk to your partner about ideas that will improve the environment where you live.
What do you remember?
A landscape is all the things that we see in a place: vegetation, rivers, mountains, buildings, etc.
- Describe the neighbourhood where you live.
Landscapes can include natural and man-made elements. People change landscapes to adapt them to their needs by building towns and cities, roads, bridges, dams, etc. They can modify natural elements or build new elements.
- Look at the photo. What man-made elements can you see? What did this place look like before people changed it?
Landscapes can include natural elements, such as mountains, rivers and vegetation. A natural landscape only has natural elements.
Landscapes can also include man-made elements, such as houses, roads and bridges. Man-made elements transform natural landscapes. These landscapes are called humanized landscapes.
People transform landscapes
When we use natural resources to meet our needs, we cause changes in the landscape.
Some examples include:
- Planting fields for food.
- Building wells and canals for human water use.
- Building roadways, railways and airports for transport.
- Mining for minerals and rocks.
- Building houses and hotels.
Humanized landscapes in Europe
- Look at the photographs and answer the questions.
- What natural elements can you see in each photo?
- Describe the buildings in each landscape.
- Which of these landscapes has fewer natural elements?
- Explain why people transform landscapes.
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- SPEAKING. What is the landscape like where you live? Describe its natural elements and its man-made elements.
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