Las vertientes hidrográficas de España
Los ríos que desembocan en un mismo mar pertenecen a la misma vertiente hidrográfica. En España tenemos tres vertientes hidrográficas:
- la vertiente cantábrica
- la vertiente mediterránea y,
- la vertiente atlántica.
Fíjate en la siguiente página web:
nace en …
Practica colocando en cada recuadro el nombre del río correspondiente, te será de utilidad más adelante:
STUDY AND COMPLETE:
Unit 8: The Landscape
|General features of landscapes||take a quiz about rivers and glaciers|
|Spanish Landscape||Powerpoint to learn about the Spanish landscape|
|Coasts of Spain|
|Coasts of Spain|
Unit 9: Rivers
|General features of rivers||Rivers Wordsearch|
|Information about rivers|
|Spain Rivers||Vertientes de España|
|Estudia los ríos de España, juego|
|Completa el test|
|Ríos de España (fácil)|
|Ríos de España (avanzado)|
|Mapa de los ríos de España|
|Climate in Spain||Información climas de España|
|Medio natural y clima de España|
THE SPANISH RELIEF
Spain is a country in Europe, most of whose territory is mainly situated in the Iberian Peninsula, to the south west of the continent. It also has two archipelagos (the Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands) and two cities in North Africa (Ceuta and Melilla). Understanding the relief of Spain will allow us to discover its coasts, mountains and rivers.
The relief is the difference between the heights on the surface of the Earth, in other words its mountains, cliffs, plains, etc. The relief of Spain features great differences in height and varied shapes. In fact, Spain has more geographical features than most places in Europe. Covering a surface area of more than half a million square kilometres, Spain has mountains that are over 3,000 metres high, great valleys and large plains.
Most of the Iberian Peninsula is occupied by Spain, but it is also shared with Portugal and Andorra. It is in the south-western corner of the European continent, to which it is joined by the Pyrenees.
A peninsula is an area of land almost entirely surrounded by water.
Generally speaking, the Peninsular relief can comprise interior and exterior formations.
The interior formations are arranged around the Meseta, the high plateau that occupies most of the interior of the Peninsula. It has an average height of 600 metres and, because of its size, it is one of Europe’s main plateau.
A massif is a group of mountains that stand out within a mountain chain. Aplateau is a territory with few geographical accidents with peaks of similar heights, which is higher than its neighbouring areas. Lastly an altiplane is a great plain which stands higher than its surrounding area.
There are a number of altiplanes and mountain ranges on the Meseta. The most important of these are:
- The Central System or mountain range: it is formed by the Gredos and Guadarrama mountain ranges, among others. It also divides the Meseta into two areas: the the Northern Meseta and the Southern Meseta.
- The Montes de Toledo: are in the Southern Meseta. This runs from La Mancha to the Tagus plains in Portugal.
As well as the interior systems, there are also peripheral systems around the edges of the Meseta:
- The Montes de Toledo: between Leon and Galicia.
- The Cantabrian Mountains: these run along the north of Spain and include the Picos de Europa.
- The Iberian System: this runs along the north east of the Meseta.
- The Sierra Morena: this lies to the south of the Peninsula and is more than 600 km long.
There are also forms of relief outside the Meseta which include mountain ranges and peaks that make up the so-called exterior ranges:
- The Galician Massif: this runs along the north east of the Peninsula.
- The Basque Mountains: these run through the Basque Country and the Chartered Community of Navarre.
- The Pyrenees: form a natural border between Spain and France.
- The Mediterranean System: this is in the north east and runs parallel to the coast.
- The Baetic System or Baetic mountain range: occupies the south of the Peninsula.
There are also two great depressions: the Ebro valley and the Guadalquivir valley.
A depression is a flat, sunken area surrounded by higher land. When a river or glacier runs through this depression, it is called a valley.
To learn more about Spain’s mountain ranges, play the El relieve en España game on Educacyl , the Junta de Castilla y León educational website [See].
Spain has a number of archipelagos, islands and islets. The two most important in terms of size are the Balearic and Canary Islands.
Islands are territories surrounded by water, while an archipelago is a group of islands or islets.
The relief of the Spanish islands has its own characteristics. While the Balearic archipelago is an extension of the Baetic System, the Canary Island archipelago has a unique relief due to the volcanic origin of its islands.
1.2.1The Balearic Islands
The Balearic Islands are in the Mediterranean sea, off the coasts of the Autonomous Community of Valencia. The Balearic Islands are not very mountainous and their coasts have cliffs and coves.
The archipelago is made up of five islands:
- Majorca: is the largest island in the archipelago. The main relief feature is the Tramuntana mountain range, where the archipelago’s highest peak, the Puig Major, is found (1,445 m).
- Minorca: its interior and coastal relief are flat.
- Ibiza: it has an undulating relief and its coast features the Bay of Ibiza.
- Formentera: this is a flat island with no large coves on the coast.
- Cabrera: this is a rocky island with very deep waters around its coastline.
1.2.2The Canary Islands.
The Canaries are an archipelago of volcanic origin in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. The eastern islands are flat, while those to the west are very mountainous.
The archipelago is made up of seven islands:
- Lanzarote: has a relief of volcanic origin. The most important element of its relief is the Timanfaya Massif.
- Fuerteventura: The most important features of the relief are the Betancuria massif and the central depression.
- Gran Canaria: is one of the larger islands. It is round.
- Tenerife: it is the largest island in the archipelago. Its relief is irregular. The Teide (3,718 m), which is in the centre of the island, is Spain’s highest mountain.
- La Palma: the most important feature of its relief is the Caldera de Taburiente.
- La Gomera: this is a round island with many cliffs.
- El Hierro: is the westernmost island. It is a triangular shape. Its most important peaks are the Malpaso and Pico de Tenerife volcanoes.
THE SPANISH COAST
The Spanish Iberian Peninsula has almost 5,000 km of coastline, while between them, the Balearic and Canary Islands have a further 3,000 km. Spain is surrounded by the waters of the:
- The Cantabrian Sea: its coast runs parallel to the Cantabrian Mountains, so the surface is rocky, with numerous cliffs and small natural ports.
- The Atlantic Ocean: in mainland Spain, we differentiate between the Galician Coast and the North Atlantic Coast in Andalusia. The first features cliffs and is penetrated by the sea, forming sea inlets. In contrast, in Huelva and Cadiz, the coastline is flat with vast beaches. In the Canary Islands the coasts are higher and rocky.
- The Mediterranean Sea: The Mediterranean coast of Spain features both cliffs and rocky stretches and long, straight, regular beaches. There are numerous rocky capes and wide bays.
THE PENINSULAR RIVERS
GEOGRAPHY: important concepts/SPAIN
PHYSICAL MAP OF SPAIN
– Atlantic Ocean
– Cantabric Sea
– Mediterranean Sea
– Ebro Bassin
– Guadalquivir Bassin
– Northern Plateau
– Southern Plateau
– Gulf of Vizcaya
– Gulf of Cádiz
– Gulf of Valencia
– Cape of Peñas
– Cape of Finisterre
– Cape of Gata
– Cape of Palos
– Cape of Nao
– Cape of Creus
– Bay of Cádiz
– Galician Massif
– Leon Mountains
– Cantabric Chain
– Basque Mountains
– Catalan Coastal Chain
– Iberian Chain
– Central Mountain Chain (Somosierra, Guadarrama, Gredos)
– Toledo Range
– Morena Range
– Beti Chain: Subbetic Range and Pennibetic Range
– Monte Perdido
– La Palma
– La Gomera
– El Hierro
– Gran Canaria
Here you have some games to practice!
Rivers, seas and oceans:
Relief of Spain:
Relief, rivers, seas and oceans:
Coast of Spàin:
The main rivers and their watershed
- The Cantabrian watershed
- The Mediterranean watersehd
- The Atlantic watershed
Rivers of Spain
Rivers of Spain
|Name||Source||Cities it PASSES through||Tributaries||Watershed|
|Miño||Fuente Miña (Lugo)||Lugo and Ourense||Sil||Atlantic Ocean
|Duero||Picos de Ubrión
|Soria,Valladolid, Zamora and Porto||Pisuerga, Esla, and Tormes||Atlantic Ocean|
|Tajo||Sierra de Albarracín
|Aranjuez, Toledo Talavera de la Reina, and Lisbon||Jarama, Guadarrama, Alberche, Tiétar and Alagón||Atlantic Ocean
|Guadiana||Ojos del Guadiana- Ciudad Real||Villa Real de San António and Ayamonte||Zújar, Záncara and Cigüela||Atlantic Ocean
|Guadalquivir||Sierra de Cazorla||Cordoba and Seville||Genil and Guadalimar||Atlantic Ocean
Sanlúcar de Barrameda
|Ebro||Cantabria||Zaragoza, Logroño||Segre, Jalón,Aragón, Gállego and Cinca||Mediterranean Sea
|Turia||Muela de San Juan||Valencia||Mediterranean Sea|
|Júcar||Montes Universales (Sistema Ibérico)||Valencia community and Castilla La Mancha||Cabriel||Mediterranean Sea|
|Segura||Sierra de Cazorla||Murcia||Mediterranean Sea|
Wednesday, April 27, 2016
Sunday, April 17, 2016
Thursday, April 14, 2016
Wednesday, January 13, 2016
Sunday, January 10, 2016
Thursday, December 03, 2015
Click on the following link to learn some of the natural features of the land relief in Spain. Enjoy it!!!
Monday, November 09, 2015
Saturday, November 07, 2015
Watch the following video which shows you how water is polluted.
Remember what pollutes water:
– Rubbish that people throw into the river and seas.
– Oil spills from ships that cause oil slicks.
– wastewater from our homes.
– Chemical and detergents from industrial factories.
– insecticides used in agriculture.
Thursday, November 05, 2015
Search on the internet and look for the following information:
– Where is its source?
– Where is its mouth?
– How long is it?
– What important cities does it pass through?
You can visit these sites. They can help you: