- Nuestro sistema de numeración.
- Comparación y ordenación de números. Los millones.
- Sistema de numeración romano.
LENGUA – TEMA 1
Unidad 1: La convivencia
Palabras sinónimas y antónimas
Escribir normas de convivencia
TEMA 2: LA SUMA Y LA RESTA Y MULTIPLICACIÓN
Sumas y restas
Propiedades de las sumas
Cálculo mental operaciones
Tablas de multiplicar
Aproximación y redondeo
Potencias de base 10
Actividades repaso tema
Palabras homónimas y parónimas
Los ríos que desembocan en un mismo mar pertenecen a la misma vertiente hidrográfica. En España tenemos tres vertientes hidrográficas:
Fíjate en la siguiente página web:
nace en …
Practica colocando en cada recuadro el nombre del río correspondiente, te será de utilidad más adelante:
STUDY AND COMPLETE:
Unit 8: The Landscape
|General features of landscapes||take a quiz about rivers and glaciers|
|Spanish Landscape||Powerpoint to learn about the Spanish landscape|
|Coasts of Spain|
|Coasts of Spain|
Unit 9: Rivers
|General features of rivers||Rivers Wordsearch|
|Information about rivers|
|Spain Rivers||Vertientes de España|
|Estudia los ríos de España, juego|
|Completa el test|
|Ríos de España (fácil)|
|Ríos de España (avanzado)|
|Mapa de los ríos de España|
|Climate in Spain||Información climas de España|
|Medio natural y clima de España|
THE SPANISH RELIEF
Spain is a country in Europe, most of whose territory is mainly situated in the Iberian Peninsula, to the south west of the continent. It also has two archipelagos (the Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands) and two cities in North Africa (Ceuta and Melilla). Understanding the relief of Spain will allow us to discover its coasts, mountains and rivers.
The relief is the difference between the heights on the surface of the Earth, in other words its mountains, cliffs, plains, etc. The relief of Spain features great differences in height and varied shapes. In fact, Spain has more geographical features than most places in Europe. Covering a surface area of more than half a million square kilometres, Spain has mountains that are over 3,000 metres high, great valleys and large plains.
Most of the Iberian Peninsula is occupied by Spain, but it is also shared with Portugal and Andorra. It is in the south-western corner of the European continent, to which it is joined by the Pyrenees.
A peninsula is an area of land almost entirely surrounded by water.
Generally speaking, the Peninsular relief can comprise interior and exterior formations.
The interior formations are arranged around the Meseta, the high plateau that occupies most of the interior of the Peninsula. It has an average height of 600 metres and, because of its size, it is one of Europe’s main plateau.
A massif is a group of mountains that stand out within a mountain chain. Aplateau is a territory with few geographical accidents with peaks of similar heights, which is higher than its neighbouring areas. Lastly an altiplane is a great plain which stands higher than its surrounding area.
There are a number of altiplanes and mountain ranges on the Meseta. The most important of these are:
As well as the interior systems, there are also peripheral systems around the edges of the Meseta:
There are also forms of relief outside the Meseta which include mountain ranges and peaks that make up the so-called exterior ranges:
There are also two great depressions: the Ebro valley and the Guadalquivir valley.
A depression is a flat, sunken area surrounded by higher land. When a river or glacier runs through this depression, it is called a valley.
To learn more about Spain’s mountain ranges, play the El relieve en España game on Educacyl , the Junta de Castilla y León educational website [See].
Spain has a number of archipelagos, islands and islets. The two most important in terms of size are the Balearic and Canary Islands.
Islands are territories surrounded by water, while an archipelago is a group of islands or islets.
The relief of the Spanish islands has its own characteristics. While the Balearic archipelago is an extension of the Baetic System, the Canary Island archipelago has a unique relief due to the volcanic origin of its islands.
The Balearic Islands are in the Mediterranean sea, off the coasts of the Autonomous Community of Valencia. The Balearic Islands are not very mountainous and their coasts have cliffs and coves.
The archipelago is made up of five islands:
The Canaries are an archipelago of volcanic origin in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. The eastern islands are flat, while those to the west are very mountainous.
The archipelago is made up of seven islands:
THE SPANISH COAST
The Spanish Iberian Peninsula has almost 5,000 km of coastline, while between them, the Balearic and Canary Islands have a further 3,000 km. Spain is surrounded by the waters of the:
THE PENINSULAR RIVERS
PHYSICAL MAP OF SPAIN
– Atlantic Ocean
– Cantabric Sea
– Mediterranean Sea
– Ebro Bassin
– Guadalquivir Bassin
– Northern Plateau
– Southern Plateau
– Gulf of Vizcaya
– Gulf of Cádiz
– Gulf of Valencia
– Cape of Peñas
– Cape of Finisterre
– Cape of Gata
– Cape of Palos
– Cape of Nao
– Cape of Creus
– Bay of Cádiz
– Galician Massif
– Leon Mountains
– Cantabric Chain
– Basque Mountains
– Catalan Coastal Chain
– Iberian Chain
– Central Mountain Chain (Somosierra, Guadarrama, Gredos)
– Toledo Range
– Morena Range
– Beti Chain: Subbetic Range and Pennibetic Range
– Monte Perdido
– La Palma
– La Gomera
– El Hierro
– Gran Canaria
Here you have some games to practice!
Rivers, seas and oceans:
Relief of Spain:
Relief, rivers, seas and oceans:
Coast of Spàin:
The main rivers and their watershed
Rivers of Spain
|Name||Source||Cities it PASSES through||Tributaries||Watershed|
|Miño||Fuente Miña (Lugo)||Lugo and Ourense||Sil||Atlantic Ocean
|Duero||Picos de Ubrión
|Soria,Valladolid, Zamora and Porto||Pisuerga, Esla, and Tormes||Atlantic Ocean|
|Tajo||Sierra de Albarracín
|Aranjuez, Toledo Talavera de la Reina, and Lisbon||Jarama, Guadarrama, Alberche, Tiétar and Alagón||Atlantic Ocean
|Guadiana||Ojos del Guadiana- Ciudad Real||Villa Real de San António and Ayamonte||Zújar, Záncara and Cigüela||Atlantic Ocean
|Guadalquivir||Sierra de Cazorla||Cordoba and Seville||Genil and Guadalimar||Atlantic Ocean
Sanlúcar de Barrameda
|Ebro||Cantabria||Zaragoza, Logroño||Segre, Jalón,Aragón, Gállego and Cinca||Mediterranean Sea
|Turia||Muela de San Juan||Valencia||Mediterranean Sea|
|Júcar||Montes Universales (Sistema Ibérico)||Valencia community and Castilla La Mancha||Cabriel||Mediterranean Sea|
|Segura||Sierra de Cazorla||Murcia||Mediterranean Sea|
Click on the following link to learn some of the natural features of the land relief in Spain. Enjoy it!!!
Search on the internet and look for the following information:
– Where is its source?
– Where is its mouth?
– How long is it?
– What important cities does it pass through?
You can visit these sites. They can help you:
Unit 1: Living Things
|Living things||Animals of the world|
|The Cell||Explore a 3D cell|
|Replace the cells game|
|Build and organ with cells|
|Label the plant cell|
|label the animal cell|
|watch a 3D animation illustrating the inner life of a cell|
|The organization of living things||put the human systems in its correct place|
|Explore 4 types of tissues|
|watch a video and test yourself|
|The 5 kingdoms||Play a matching game|
|watch a video and test yourself|
|Some information about the 5 kingdoms|
Unit 3: Invertebrates
|The bone blaster game|
|Recognize the insects|
|Invertebrate Groups||Good web with information about invertebrates. You can choose the language|
|Good movie about invertebrates and invertebrate groups|
|Answer the questions game|
|Arthropods||Learn about arthropods in Spanish|
|Match the butterfly to its food|
Unit 4: Vertebrates
|Play a matching game|
|Play a concentration game|
|Word search game|
|Play a concentration game|
|Vertebrate Groups||All about frogs|
|Animal safari game|
|Bird watcher game|
|Mission adaptation game|
|Information about vertebrate groups|
|Design a habitat for a vertebrate|
|Keep the sand lizard alive game|
|Beat the computer and hit the correct vertebrate group|
UNIT 1: THE ORGANIZATION OF LIVING THINGS.
The living beings that surround us are classified into five kingdoms: animal, plant,monera, protista and fungi.
This classification is based on the mode of nutrition of each living being, which may beheterotrophic, if it feeds on other living beings, or autotrophic, if it produces its own food from inorganic material. This division is also based on the number of cells that it has, that is, whether it is monocellular and formed from a single cell, or multicellular, and composed of various cells.
Animals are multicellular living beings that feed on other living beings. This means that their nutrition is heterotrophic.
They can move, which enables them to obtain food, hunt and defend themselves, among other things.
They have sense organs, which enable them to interact with the world around them, and a nervous system which, depending on the type of animal, can have different levels of complexity.
Depending on whether or not they have a vertebral column, they are classified asvertebrates or invertebrates:
The plant kingdom consists of multicellular, autotrophic living beings, which means they produce their own food.
Through a process called photosynthesis, plants transform water and mineral salts that they absorb through their roots from the soil and carbon dioxide that they receive through their leaves into nutrients. They perform this transformation with the help of light from the Sun.
In contrast to animals, they cannot move around, since they are normally fixed to the soil.
Plants can reproduce sexually or asexually. Plants with flowers reproduce sexually. A fruit, which contains seeds, is generated through the flower. These can germinate to give rise to a new plant. Plants that reproduce asexually, do this through spores orcuttings, for example. No type of seed is involved in asexual reproduction.
The fungi kingdom consists of heterotrophic living beings, which may bemonocellular or multicellular.
Although some are similar to plants, they do not produce their own food, instead, they feed on other living beings or their remains.
Examples of monocellular fungi include yeast. Examples multicellular fungi include mould and mushrooms.
Yeast is a fungus formed by an oval cell. It is found in very diverse environments. Some types of yeast use the sugar in foods to obtain energy to feed themselves, in a process called fermentation. During this process, the characteristics of the food, such as its smell, taste or texture may change. Human beings take advantage of this property of yeast to transform certain foods into others, such as flour into bread, must into wine and barley into beer.
Moulds and mushrooms are also multicellular fungi. They consist of a network of threads called hyphae, which weave together to form the mycelium. These threads are found underground and absorb the food that the fungi need to live. When the rainy season starts, the mycelium cause the mushrooms to appear at the surface of the earth. The mushroom is not the entire fungus, but instead, its reproductive part, which contains spores. Therefore, its reproduction is asexual. These structures live in very damp environments and feed on the organic material of the soil. They appear in autumn, when there is more rain and there are more leaves decomposing in the soil, which are their source of food.
Mould is a type of fungus that grows on food that is going bad. It reproduces asexuallythrough cells called spores, which move towards other foods and develop new mould.
The monera kingdom is formed by monocellular organisms, which means that they are made of a single cell. Furthermore, this cell is simpler than the ones in plants and animals because it has no nucleus.
The organisms that make up this kingdom are the smallest living beings in existence, which means that they can be seen only through a microscope.
This kingdom includes bacteria and cyanobacteria.
A microscope is an apparatus used to observe very small or microscopic elements, such as cells, viruses and living beings, such as bacteria.
Bacteria are the best-known monera. They may be autotrophic or heterotrophic, which means, they may feed on inorganic material or other living beings.
They reproduce through binary fission, through which an initial bacteria divides into two and forms identical daughter cells, which can also divide. These cells can have different shapes.
Bacteria can live in all mediums: air, water and soil. They can even live in the body of living beings, both inside and on the skin, where they can find nourishment.
Bacteria are well-known because they can give us diseases, such as gastroenteritis, but we should also remember that many bacteria are beneficial to living beings. For example, bacteria such as lactobacillus are used to produce cheeses and yoghurt from milk, through a process called fermentation.
Inside our bodies and in those of other animals there are bacteria such as escherichia coli, which are found in our intestines and which help us to digest food.
Antibiotics are medicines that can eliminate disease-causing bacteria However, not all diseases are caused by bacteria, and not all of them can be eliminated through antibiotics.
Cyanobacteria were the first monera in existence. In the past they were known as blue-green algae. They are autotrophs, which means they use inorganic material and light from the Sun to perform photosynthesis, a process that allows them to obtain nutrients and whose end product is oxygen. Oxygen is a gas that forms part of the air and which other living beings use to respire.
When the planet was formed, there was no oxygen in its atmosphere and living beings did not exist. When cyanobacteria appeared, they began producing oxygen, which enabled all other living beings to develop.
Viruses are not living beings because they cannot find nourishment or reproduce alone, instead, they need to be inside other cells in order to do this.
They can infect animal, vegetable, fungal and protistan cells, including bacteria. Viruses that infect bacteria are called bacteriophages.
All viruses cause diseases, but they can be used to create vaccines against themselves.
The protista kingdom consists of living beings that differ from each other enormously. They may be autotrophs or heterotrophs, monocellular or multicellular.
The protista kingdom includes protozoa and algae.
Protozoa are monocellular living beings, which means they are formed from a single cell, so they can be seen only through a microscope. They live in water or in damp soil, although some of them are parasites, which reside inside living beings and cause them to get ill. They may reproduce sexually or asexually.
They feed on organic material, which can be found in the environment and on other living beings, such as monocellular bacteria and algae, which means they areheterotrophs. They are able to move because certain parts of their body have mobility.
Amoeba and paramecia are protozoa.
Algae are organisms that live in water, both fresh and salt water. They are not found in very deep areas, since they need light from the Sun to live. As a result of their pigmentation, they can receive light and perform photosynthesis using inorganic material, which means that their nutrition is autotrophic.
You can find algae in different colours: green, red and brown.
Algae may be monocellular or multicellular, and reproduce sexually or asexually.
Living things (5º)
Vertebrates and invertebrates (5º)
7. MORE IDEAS FOR THE UNIT
8. DOWNLOAD THE SUMMARY OF THE UNIT IN EDMODO (DESCARGA EL RESUMEN DE LA UNIDAD)
All living things are born, grow and die.
All living things are form by cells.
CELLS are the basic units of life. They are microscopic and they are alive (they carry out the nutrition, interaction and reproduction).
Living things can have:
Aquí les dejo un resumen de la reunión celebrada el 28 de septiembre de 2016 para los padres que les haya sido imposible asistir a la misma:
Copias que se entregó a los padres: